Lumber

Lumber

We know our lumber!
We have been serving construction companies, contractors, farmers, and homeowners with quality lumber products in the Essex, Chatham-Kent, and Lambton area since 1989. From trailer decking, truck side boards, and horse fencing, to your premium kiln dried lumber theres only one call to make.

Here at Goodreau Sawmill, we have the most domestic species of lumber available in our area. Whether your building an outdoor or indoor project, we have your lumber solution. We can help you pick out the right lumber for the job, and hints on how to preserve your creation to give it years of endless beauty.

Lumber Gallery
FAS (or Prime)
An FAS board must be at least 6 " wide and 8' long. 83 1/3% of the board must be clear. To determine cutting units the maximum number of imaginary cuts is one-quarter of the board measure. For example, a 6" x 8' board is 4 board measure. The board can be cut only once, 1/4th of 4. After this single imaginary cut the board must be 83 1/3% clear. The area of each imaginary cut must leave at least 4" x 5' or 3" x 7' sections. If a board is 8 board measure then two cuts are allowed, yielding 83 1/3% clear, each cut at least 4" x 5' or 3" x 7'.

If a single cut in a 6" x 8' board does not yield an FAS grade there are additional rules. One additional cut is allowed in boards between 6 and 15 board measure if the resulting clear portion of the board is 91 2/3%. The reverse face of a board must also be FAS for the entire board to be graded as FAS.

Select
A select board is graded exactly like FAS. The only difference is that the minimum size of a Select board is 4 " x 6' (whereas an FAS board must be at least 6" x 8'). The reverse face of a Select board can be either Select or #1 Common.

#1 Common
A #1 Common board must be at least 3 " wide and 4' long. 66 2/3% of the board must be clear. The maximum number of imaginary cuts is one-third of the board measure plus one. Surface area after each imaginary cut must be at least 4" x 2' or 3" x 3'. For example, a board 6" x 8' is 4 board measure. One third of 4 + 1 is 1. If a single imaginary cut in the board yields 66 2/3% clear where the uncut area is at least 4" x 2' or 3" x 3', the board is graded as #1 Common.

An additional cut in the board is allowed if the resulting clear yield is at least 75%. This applies to boards between 3 and 10 board measure. The reverse face of a #1 Common board is always #1 Common.

#2 Common
A #2 Common board must be at least 3 " wide and 4' long, just like #1 Common. The clear yield of a board can be as low as 50% after cuts equal to half of the board measure. Surface area after each imaginary cut must be at least 3" x 2'. For example, a board 6" x 8 is 4 board measure and can be cut twice, half of four. The resulting clear area of the board must be at least 3" x 2' and at least 50% clear.

An additional cut is allowed in boards between 2 and 7 board measure if the yield is 66 2/3% clear. The reverse face of a #2 Common board can be #2 Common or better. If the reverse face of a board is #3 Common then the entire board becomes #3 Common.

Board Measure
Board feet is a unit of measure. A single board foot is one foot wide, one foot long and one inch thick or equivalent. For example, a six-inches wide, two feet long and one inch thick is also a board foot. To determine a board surface measure multiply its width in inches by the length in feet and divide by twelve, rounded to the nearest foot. Lumber one inch thick or less are counted at surface measure. If a board is thicker than one inch the, surface measure (board measure of the surface) is multiplied by the thickness, in fractions of an inch, to calculate the true board measure.

Sapwood and Heartwood
Sapwood and heartwood are allowed in any ratio. Any lumber order not specifically mentioning sapwood or heartwood, unless specificed by a particular grade, may have any amount of heartwood and sapwood. For example, a board entirely of heartwood, a board entirely of sapwood and a board half of each are identical.

Stain
Unless a grade specifically mentions stain, no stain is admitted in surfaced stock. If stain is admitted in a grading, the stain cannot change the hardness of the wood.

Streaks and Spots
Mineral streaks and spots are admitted. Colour variation may be the result of mineral streaks and spots. Mineral streaks range from olive to brown to black.

Book Matching
Plywood components that mirror adjacent components. All components are from the same log with grain matching nearly perfectly along the joints.

Bow
Distortion of a board lengthwise. A bowed board is no longer flat across its length.

Check
A crack in the surface of a board. The crack does not go through the entire thickness of the board. It is a result of uneven drying, particularly by the sun.

Crook
Distortion of a board widthwise. A crooked board is no longer flat across its edge.

Cup
Distortion of a board widthwise. A cupped board is no longer flat across its width.

Heartwood
Heartwood is the dead portion of the tree. It extends from the pith to the sapwood. It is usually a slightly darker shade than sapwood. The centre of the tree holds the heartwood.

Knot
Discolored wood resulting from a branch. Red knots are living branches which the tree has overgrown. In Pine, red knots are usually sound and fixed since it grew until the tree was cut down. Black knots are dead wood, from dead branches, which are not necessarily fixed. Fixed knots are those which will only fall out of a board when under direct pressure.

Mineral Streak
Discoloration of hardwoods ranging from olive green to brown to black.

Pin Knot
Knots upto 1/8" in diameter are considered pin knots. Pin knots in Pine are up to 1/2" in diameter.

Pith
A portion of wood usually softer than the surrounding board. It occurs more often in heartwood at the center of trees. Pith that is equal hardness to the surrounding board is not a defect.

Sapwood
The living portion of the tree extending from the heartwood to the bark. Sapwood tends to be more pale than heartwood.

Shake
Seperation along the grain. It occurs most often between rings of annual growth.

Stain
Discoloration in a board. This discoloration is different than sapwood, heartwood or natural variation. It ranges from pink to gray to brown.

Twist
Distortion of a board both lengthwise and/or widthwise. A twisted board is no longer flat across its face.

Wane
A lack of wood on the edge of a board. Wane may include bark. Wane is the result of a board being cut too close to the outside of a tree.

Warp
A collective term for any variation in the flatness of a board. It can include bow, crook, cup and/or twist.

Prices subject to change without botice - 300BF plus orders address deptartment
Call - (519) 682-0910
SPECIES 4/4 5/4 6/4 8/4
ALDER #1 Common   $4.80   $7.00
ASH #1 Common $3.00$2.50 $3.00$2.50 $3.50$3.00 $3.50$3.00
BASSWOOD #1 Common $2.90 $2.75 $3.20 $3.75
BEECH #1 Common $4.75   $5.20 $5.40
CEDAR #1 Common $7.40 $7.60 $7.60  
CHERRY #1 Common $6.50$4.00 $7.20 $7.80 $9.00$5.00
FIR #1 Common $4.70     $4.95
HARD MAPLE #1 Common $5.00$3.00 $6.00 $6.50 $6.50
HICKORY #1 Common $4.00 $4.80 $4.50  
POPLAR #1 Common $2.75$2.10 $3.00 $3.00 $3.50$2.50
RED OAK #1 Common $4.00$2.50 $4.20 $4.50 $5.00$3.00
SOFT MAPLE #1 Common $4.50$2.75 $4.70   $6.00$3.50
WALNUT #1 Common $8.00 $9.00 $9.00 $10.00
WHITE OAK Quartered $4.50$6.50 $5.50$7.00 $5.50$8.50 $7.50$9.50
WHITE PINE #1 Common $5.50$2.50 $5.90$2.60 $7.00$2.60 $7.30$3.00
RED ELM #1 Common / BTR  $3.70      $5.00
Species
Machining
Resistance to Nailing
Resistance to Screwing
Glueing
Staining & Polishing
Durability
Alder Excellent Good Excellent Excellent Excellent Very Good
Ash Excellent Good Excellent Good Fair Very Good
Basswood Very Good Excellent Good Very Good Good Good
Beech Excellent Fair Fair Good Excellent Very Good
Birch Excellent Fair Fair Good Fair Very Good
Cedar (Western Red) Excellent Excellent Excellent Very good Very good Excellent
Cherry Excellent Fair Fair Very Good Excellent Excellent
Fir Very good Good Good Very Good Very Good Excellent
Hard Maple Excellent Fair Good Good Very Good Very Good
Hickory Excellent Fair Good Good Good Very Good
Poplar Very Good Excellent Good Excellent Very Good Good
Red Elm Good Fair Good Excellent Very Good Excellent
Red Oak Excellent Good Excellent Good Very Good Very Good
Soft Maple Very Good Fair Good Good Very Good Very Good
Walnut Excellent Fair Good Good Excellent Excellent
White Oak Excellent Fair Good Good Excellent Excellent
White Pine Excellent Very Good Very Good Excellent Very Good Good

In The News

NEW!! Goodreau Sawmaill is now offering Sansin Exterior Stain and Wood Preservatives, for Timbers, Siding, Decks, Fences and more. VIEW MORE


Give us a call for all your wood timber needs, we got it in stock at prices that just can't be beat!

SEE ALL NEWS

Mill Tour

"I have personally used Goodreau Sawmill for custom beam work at my home, and their products have become the focal point of our recent family room renovations. Kris is always our 'go-to-guy'"
Ken J. Quinn, President - Quinn Roofing Solutions

Get Directions

Join us on Facebook

Are you looking for top quality Lumber, Hardwood Floors, Moulding, Douglas Fir Timbers or Custom Woodworking and live in Ontario? READ MORE
Goodreau Sawmill and Woodworking is your premeire source for buying Pressure Treated Lumber and Timber, Hardwood Flooring, Wood Mouldings & Wood Trim, Douglas Fir Timbers, Oak Trim, Crown Mouldings, Oak Hardwood Flooring and Custom Woodworking. We carry a vast line of wood species like Oak, Poplar, Maple, Fir and more. Our Sawmill is located in Tilbury, Ontario and have delivered wood products to all surrounding areas like Chatham-Kent, Windsor, Leamington, Belle Rover, LaSalle and Blenheim. Our experience, quality and millwork has gained us a reputaion of being the area's leader is top quality Canadian wood products.